Zreli plodovi aronije, koju još zovu sibirska borovnica, sadrže velike količine biofenola, tanina, katehina, flavonida, antocijanina (najviše od svih dosad poznatih voćnih vrsta), folnu kiselinu, vitamine A,C (8-10 puta veću koncentraciju nego u južnom voću), B2, B6, B9, E i veoma redak vitamin P, kao i betakaroten, kalijum, kalcijum, gvožđe, mangan, molibden, jod i fosfor.
Aronia melanocarpa Elliott belongs to the subfamily Pomoideae of the Rosaceae family.
Aronia is a perennial shrub that can reach heights of up to 4 meters.
Aronia takes approximately 170 days to complete maturation and requires sum temperatures of 1500C
The aronia variety is not so numerous and there are a small number of varieties in production, mostly selected in the countries of Eastern and Northern Europe.
Aronia is propagated vegetatively in different ways: cuttings, topping, laying, grafting ...
Aronia is very easy to adapt to different climates.
Before planting, the soil should be prepared as with other fruit trees.
Aronia is grown on the bushes and as a tree trunk.
Pruning is performed by cutting the plant to 2-3 buds after planting, usually in spring.
In field experiments, where three systems were compared, the best results were obtained by treating the whole surface with herbicides.
In genetic terms, aronia has a good predisposition for high and constant yields.
Aronia is not sensitive to some specific diseases and pests, so far no parasites typical of this species have been detected that could cause great harm.
A good feature of aronia is regular fertility.
Chokeberry ripens almost at once, and harvesting is usually done with a single rip.